1. Performance Review of Refineries by MOP&NG:
The data on Physical, Financial and Project parameters for all the PSU Refineries is collected every month and the consolidated information covering Actual performance vis-à-vis Targets along with reasons for deviation is presented during the review meeting Chaired by JS (R) to enable refineries to take corrective actions, if any.
Quarterly data of PSU refineries is also collected for the identified efficiency parameters viz. GRM (Gross Refinery Margin), Energy Intensity Index (EII) and pipeline share of petroleum products’ movement for review.
2. Integrated Refinery Business Improvement Program (IRBIP)
Integrated Refinery Business Improvement Programme (IRBIP) Phase-I was executed at the 4 refineries by Shell GSI i.e.
CPCL Manali and
Refinery Business Improvement Programme (RBIP) Phase-II is being executed at 3 PSU Refineries viz. BPCL Mumbai, HPCL Mumbai and MRPL. The Assessment Phase has been completed at all the 3 sites with the Approval of the Projects for Improvement (PFIs). Implementation of the approved Projects is going on with a target to complete the activity by end of 2015-16 Q4 except for Operation & Asset Management (OAM) PFIs that require refinery shutdown, which would go up-to end of 2016.
3. Development of energy factor for new process units and Revalidation of factors for the existing units in refineries:
The Energy Factors for new Process Units and revalidation of existing factors is one of the ongoing activities of CHT and is regularly carried out to enable realistic evaluation of energy performance of refineries. The Energy Factors are developed by CHT/ EIL for the Specific Energy Consumption (MBTU/ bbl/ NRGF, abbreviated as MBN).
CHT evaluate the energy performance of all the refineries after assigning suitable energy factors for their different process units on Annual Basis.
Recently the Energy factors were reviewed and appropriately modified with the assistance and services of Shell GSI. The revised methodology is being implemented in all the Refineries from the year 2015-16.
4. Coal to Liquid (CTL) Fuels Technology Development by EIL-R & D and BPCL-R & D
EIL (R&D) and BPCL (R&D) prepared the Coal to Liquid (CTL) project proposal and put it up for consideration of the SAC first during 62nd meeting in November 2007 and then the modified proposal during the 63rd meeting in April 2008.
The objective of this project was syn gas cleaning and development of FT process. Development of gasification technology is, however, not a part of this project.
MOU between CHT, BPCL (R&D) and EIL (R&D) has been signed in March 2009.
5. Organization of Refinery Technology Meet (RTM):
As a part of dissemination of information on latest developments and emerging trends in the field of downstream hydrocarbon sector, CHT has been regularly organizing Refinery Technology Meet (RTM) on various theme of immediate relevance to the oil industry. Such meets provide a platform to the participants from oil companies and other organization to interact and discuss with industry colleagues as also with other international experts/ process licensors/ catalyst manufacturers to obtain comprehensive inputs on technological advancements.
RTM is the oldest and regular Annual Conference of the Hydrocarbon sector where the annual Energy Performance Awards are also conferred to the refineries. The last 19th RTM was successfully organised by CHT in association with MRPL during 12-14th November, 2014 at Chennai, wherein more than 650 delegates and representatives from major global players participated.
The Refining sector in India is currently passing through a challenging phase, amidst fluctuating prices of crude oil & products, shrinking refining margin, need for huge investment for upgrading fuel quality in line with international trend, stringent environmental stipulations and reduction in carbon footprint, increasing concern for energy security, etc. In order to meet these challenges, there is an urgent need to explore and adopt innovative solutions to create and add value from the existing assets, improve the process and energy efficiency, yield optimization, process integration and intensification, loss control, reliability management, minimising environmental impact, etc. Keeping these challenges in view, the theme of the next 20th RTM is “Value Creation through Innovative Solutions”
6. Performance Audit of PSU Refineries
Need for evaluating Refinery performance in various areas like energy, operations, maintenance etc. were expressed during the Activity Committee Meetings of CHT.
In accordance with the above, CHT undertakes audit of PSU refineries. The modalities includes formation of Joint Performance Audit teams comprising members from oil companies and EIL under the convenor-ship of CHT; formulating methodology including development of data formats, data collection and validation, program finalisation and audit.
7. AUTO FUEL VISION & POLICY 2025:
The Government of India’s Auto Fuel Policy (2003) had envisaged that the Policy undergo periodic revisions. Technological and other changes which take place over time must be incorporated in the policy framework. In this backdrop, it was felt necessary to initiate a process to give form to an AUTO FUEL VISION & POLICY for the country which would lay a clear roadmap to the year 2025. .
Accordingly, the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas vide Office Memorandum dated 19th December 2012 constituted an Expert Committee under the Chairmanship of Shri Saumitra Chaudhuri, the then Member, Planning Commission, Government of India to prepare a “Draft Auto Fuel Vision & Policy 2025”
CHT extended support to the expert group in finalization of report and is assisting MOP&NG in implementation recommendations of the Expert Group.
The Expert Committee submitted its report to MOP&NG in May 2014. The Committee in its report recommended expansion of Bharat Stage-IV fuels in phases in the entire country by 1st April 2017, implementation of Bharat Stage-V fuels across the country by 1st April 2020 and Bharat Stage-VI emission norms on 1st April 2024.
The whole of north India including Delhi/NCR and major cities of India have been covered with Bharat Stage-IV fuels w.e.f. 1st April 2015. Phase-2 of Bharat Stage-IV will commence w.e.f. 1st April 2016.
Government of India has decided to leap frog from Bharat Stage-IV fuels to Bharat Stage-VI fuels from 1st April 2020 by skipping Bharat Stage-V fuels.
8. CHT Publications :
With a view to keep abreast with the latest developments / trends that are taking place worldwide in the field of Petroleum Refining, CHT publishes “Technology Scan” and “CHT Bulletin”.
This quarterly publication of CHT covers topics related to various areas of general interest to the petroleum industry. Various technical publications which are scanned and reference is made in these bulletins.
CHT is publishing the CHT bulletin on quarterly basis. It was started in September 2003 on monthly basis to bring out information on the activities of CHT, which also covers articles / news of interest to the petroleum industry. Publication of CHT technical journals was subsequently reviewed and it was decided that it would also be brought out on quarterly basis.
Technical support to MOP & NG
Review of Applications for Foreign Technology Collaboration:
CHT examines applications for Foreign Technology Collaboration, prepares the comments and sends to MOP&NG for further action.
Comments for Issuance of Essentiality Certificates for various Refinery and pipeline Projects:
As a part of extending technical support to MOP&NG, CHT issues essentiality certificates for import of various project items after examination of the proposal and comments / recommendations are being sent to MOP&NG for further action.
10. Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) on Hydrocarbons
MoP & NG created Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) on Hydrocarbons in 1981, to advise Govt. of India on policies to ensure optimum processing of Hydrocarbon raw material as Fuel and Chemical.
- To examine and comprehensively deliberate R&D project proposals submitted by various R&D organizations / Academic institutions, for suitable recommendations to MOP&NG for funding by CHT/OIDB
- To play a supportive role for identifying and formulating long range technology plans and working out suitable mechanism for adoption of indigenous processes
- To support new ideas and changes for effecting improvements in Hydrocarbon industry.
SAC on Hydrocarbons is the only such Committee functioning without any break since its inception in 1981, out of the several SACs constituted by the Govt. of India in early 1980s under the various economic ministries.
CHT, in its capacity of technical support wing of MOP&NG, has been coordinating for :
- Functioning of SAC
- Obtaining approval of EC/GC of CHT for proposals recommended by SAC
- Arranging OIDB funds,
- Monitoring of Projects and Follow-up
SAC played crucial role in consolidation of R&D in Hydrocarbon Sector, for instance:
- Setting up of EIL - R&D Centre to support National Laboratories
- Modernization of research facilities and pilot plants at IIP
- Setting up in-house R&D Centres in CPCL and KRL
SAC and CHT, since their establishment, have contributed significantly in development of technologies for the hydrocarbon sector :
- Guided refineries to upgrade for production of petroleum products of improved quality
- Value addition to improve refinery margin
- Measures to be adopted to meet the stringent environmental protection regulations
11. Hydrogen Corpus Fund (HCF)
MoP & NG created a HCF with the contribution from OIDB and oil PSUs in June 2003.
- Develop hydrogen as an alternative energy source through indigenisation of technology
- Facilitate R&D activities
- Synergies hydrogen development activities between Oil COs / Institutions
- Facilitate training and capability building
Initial corpus of HCF:
- Rs. 100 crores with the contribution of
- Rs.40 crores by OIDB
- Rs.16 crores each by IOC, ONGC & GAIL
- Rs.6 crores each by BPCL & HPCL
- Fund will be managed by OIDB
Project Approval as per New Guidelines
New Guidelines issued in Jun 2009 to streamline procedure & approval for funding under HCF:
- CHT is the nodal agency for taking up H2 projects and related activities
- Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) will act as Technical Committee for HCF
- All proposals under HCF will be received by CHT and put to SAC for approval
- Financial concurrence from OIDB to be obtained after recommendation of SAC
- Proposals recommended by SAC and concurred by OIDB, shall be placed before Steering Committee headed by Secretary, P & NG for approval.
- Chairman : Secretary, P&NG
- Additional Secretary, P&NG
- AS / JS & Financial Advisor, MoP&NG
- Joint Secretary (Refineries), MoP&NG
- Secretary OIDB
- ED, CHT
- CEO of sponsoring company
- R&D heads of IOC, BPCL & HPC
Director (R&A), MoP&NG will act as the Convener of the Steering Committee
Broad Areas of H2 Research (identified)
1. Hydrogen Production
- Steam Reforming
- High Temp Electrolysis
- Photo electro-chemical water splitting
- Coal gasification
- Photo Biological
2. Hydrogen Storage
- Metal Hydrides
- Chemical storage
- Carbon materials
- Compressed gas or liquid hydrogen tanks
3. Hydrogen Delivery
- Hydrogen infrastructure option analysis
- Material and cost of hydrogen pipelines
- Hydrogen compression and liquefaction
- Gas or liquid road or rail transport options
- Carrying capacity and cost of carriers
4. Hydrogen Applications
- Use of H2 -CNG mixtures in CNG engines ( with / without modifications)
- Development of neat hydrogen engines
- Development of fuel cell